Cannabis strain information, quick overview
All you need to know
about Cannabis plants
Sativa is from the plant family Cannabaceae
it is an annual as well if left in its own habitat. Sativa origins can be traced to South East Asia, Thailand, Mexico, Colombia the climate for these are very warm and humid.
Indica is also from the Cannabaceae plant family.
Indica’s origin can be traced back to Afghanistan, Tibet & Morocco. The genus plant is from the Cannabaceae family. If this plant were left to grow in its own environment/habitat it would be an annual plant and very hardy due to the harsh conditions of the remote mountain areas.
What does the plant look like?
It is short and dense in stature. The leaves are broad and dark green. Maximum grow height would be 2.5m. Buds thick and dense and will produce more resin than a Sativa.
Ruderalis is thought to be a different species than Sativa and Indica due to its unique traits and phenotypes, however some scholars think its a sub species of Cannabis native to Central and eastern Europe and Russia. It is relatively new, it was discovered in Southern Siberia 1924.
What does the plant look like?
Cannabis ruderalis is smaller, short and stalky plant, wide leafs with light green hue. It rarely grows over two feet in height. Plants have "thin, slightly fibrous stems" with little branching. Foliage is typically open with large leaves, it reaches maturity much quicker than other species of Cannabis, typically in a five to seven week period from seed.
Photoperiod refers to how long a plant is exposed to light within a 24 hr period.
Some growers use lights to control a plants cycle and encourage the plants vegetative state, early flowering through to harvest.
You can extend the plants vegetative cycle by ensuring it has 18hrs of light per day, thus enusring it does not flower unless its an autoflower then it will flower regardless of the light cycle.
Once a photoperiod strain hits 12hrs of light and 12hrs of darkness it will begin to flower.
Most photoperiod plants are ready to harvest around 15 weeks. Average flowering time is around 9 weeks, some strains can take a week or two longer and some Haze's can be 14 weeks.
The Autoflowering gene came from the Cannabis Ruderalis and was breed into strains to create autoflowering plants.
The area in eastern and central Europe where Cannabis ruderalis naturally grows has different environmental factors than the areas where Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica can be found. The summers are colder and shorter. Besides this there’s during summer a period when it’s light for almost 24 hours a day, not giving the plants enough time to rest during night time. The Cannabis ruderalis adapted to these conditions and started to flower quicker and earlier, until they became completely autoflowering at one point.
Most autoflowering plants are ready to harvest in under 10 weeks. Flowering often begins at a mere two to four weeks.
Fast flowering strains are photo-dependent strains with a really fast flowering phase, which means that they flower between 1 and 2 weeks faster than the standard versions. They are also fast to harvest which is why they are particularly suited to growing
outdoors in climates where the weather toward the end of the season can be unpredictable but these faster flowering cannabis strains.
It is possible to use indoor for a reduced cycle of up to 7-14 days making them a great option as their production and potency levels are more on par to their feminised photoperiod relatives whilst offering higher performance levels than regular
The big myth of Indica vs Sativa
What you think you know about the differences is probably wrong, simply because it's based on anecdotal thoughts and observations, not scientific fact.
A modern day cannabis seed...
Like humans, plants have male and female genders. Gender is regulated by 2 chromosomes: X and Y. A plant with two X chromosomes becomes female while one with both an X and Y chromosome becomes male.
- Female cannabis plants are the gender of plant that produces harvestable buds.
- Males only produce flowers for pollinating females.
- Feminized seeds almost guarantee a completely female plant.
Most cannabis plants naturally have a 50/50 chance of turning out male or female, but by using a range of methods it is possible to produce seeds which are guaranteed to produce female plants.
Feminized seeds are produced by shocking a female plant with either hormones or environmental stress into producing male flowers. These male flowers are then used to pollinate the rest of the female plant. The fact the male flowers came from the same female plant mean that certain male chromosomes are missing.
The result is that all seeds harvested from that plant are now guaranteed to grow into feminized (or “all female”) cannabis plants. To be more precise, initially they should grow into 80-100% female plants and 0-20% genetic hermaphroditic plants. Seed breeders spend years refining their feminizing process to reach a standard of 99-100% female plants for all the feminized seeds they sell.
Before this process was established, cannabis growers would have to throw away unwanted male plants and spend time removing male flowers as they appear on female plants to encourage bud growth. The modern day feminized seed saves all this stress so growers can plant their seeds and forget about them until it’s time to harvest the buds.
It is possible to create feminized seeds yourself using methods widely available online but to make a success of it takes a great deal of time and skill, and involves an element of trial and error. Plus every cannabis seed strain reacts slightly different to a wide range of conditions. This means what works for creating one strain of feminized seeds might not work for another, and you can spend a lot of time and effort finding that out.
With the huge range of feminized seeds on offer you can choose from a truly massive range of strains, all with perfected genetics to ensure that every feminized seed planted will produce an optimum level of bulging buds.
Regular Cannabis seeds
Regular cannabis seeds are bred from a male and a female parent, and can produce male or female plants.
There is no way to tell whether a regular cannabis seed will produce a male or female plant apart from growing and flowering it. However, once a plant has been in the flowering phase for about two weeks, it is quite easy to tell the difference between males, with their oval pods, and females, which produce a teardrop-shaped calyx from which a pair of white hairs emerge.
Over the last few decades these landrace strains have been interbred in countless combinations, drawing out and combining particular characteristics of various indica and sativa strains to give us everything from heavy yielding, strong, compact plants suited for cultivation in confined spaces, to early flowering outdoor varieties and colorful highly flavored psychedelic delights.
When growing regular cannabis seeds, the natural ratio of females to males is around one-to-one (66% female). When planning a grow, it is best to assume that half of the seeds started will turn out female and germinate extra seeds to account for the males that will be discarded early in flowering. Various factors influence whether feminized or regular cannabis seeds are the most suitable choice for an individual grower. Growing conditions, available space and time, level of experience and personal preference all play a part. If the intention is to breed cannabis and create seeds, both male and female plants are needed, so regular cannabis seeds are required.
Cloning involves taking cuttings from female plants and encouraging them to root, so that they become identical copies of the 'mother plant'. While plants from regular and feminized seeds can both be made into mother plants, it is likely that a regular female will give healthy clones for a longer period (several years, in most cases) than a mother plant grown from feminized seed.